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Meditacijos centras Ojas
 









1999 No.1

The leader of "Ojas" meditation center
Mechislovas Vrubliauskas

Essence of Meditation and its Practice (1)

    Meditation steps into our life as a natural consequence of inner or spiritual growth. That is endlessly useful for a healthy and rich man, for the one who is sick and is in despair. Meditation is not as the goal but as the way of life, communication and existence. In spite of many publications, which are so loved by periodic media, the essence of meditation still slips by not grasped. For this reason, the seekers meaninglessly bear pain and suffer, do not experience many moments of beauty and blissfulness and do not live fully.

    So is my desire to share this understanding and spiritual experience, which inevitably appears when a man steps along the way of meditation and meditation practice. I would like to encourage people to start practicing meditation because it is definitely refreshes spirit and as a consequence renders healthier his body and soul. After some introductory remarks, we will look into the essence of meditation, and then will discuss how to practice it.

   The necessity of meditation comes out from the man’s eternal quest for freedom and from his search of beauty and inner harmony. How to live each moment and make it valuable and full? How to create goodness and find truth? The life around us does not correspond to the inner beauty and sense, how to live when everything based on mind: orders, laws, canons. The man stopped feeling himself and others for he has recently started to worship the mind. This way we stopped feeling what truly needs a child, friend or beloved one. Disappeared the sensation of other people sufferings, pain and joy. The life has been simplified and also became miserable as we lost the unity with world and love. Even the greatest idea without feeling it degrades and becomes a compulsion not only for the one who is close, but also for a person who is far away. We will not find such cruelty even in nature and in animal world, which humanity is capable to perform. Therefore, it is obvious that while developing the mind, the empathy - the capability to feel and feel other must be developed proportionally. Neither the love nor meditation is possible without the development of empathy.

    My quests continue for many years: who am I? Where do I go? What do I go for? After I finished school and graduated from the institute, exploring inside and outside, searching in the worlds of spirit and nature, and having defended Doctor's thesis around 1990, I grasped the contours of real life. Meditation stepped into my life. For a couple of years I still researched visual perception at Vilnius University. During scientific research it was very interesting to watch from within how visual perception is effected by emotions, thoughts, and imagination. Eyes are the closest of all the organs to the soul. A little sparkle of consciousness is enough to start witnessing. It is a key to meditation. So many meditations are based on visual perception not without a reason. In 1993, I left Vilnius University and completely devoted myself to meditation.

    The only place in the world where I saw an option to continue meditation studies was Osho Commune International, located in Pune town of two million residents, not far away from Bombay in India. One year later, I went there and registered “Osho meditation center “Ojas””. The registration of meditation center as religious community in Lithuania is being delayed because of insufficient understanding of true meditation. Nevertheless, meditation - such necessary and true phenomenon, undoubtly will take the appropriate place in life, science and religion.

    Meditation, true meditation, the essence of which we want to reveal is almost unknown in Lithuania and even in the West. “International words’ dictionary” (Vilnius, 1985) defines meditation as consideration, sinking into own thoughts, the state of deep concentration. If we leave this way, then there will be no word in the Lithuanian language matching to Sanskrit word “dhyan”. This word became a word “chan” in China and “zen” in Japan. Dhyan, or true meditation became the foundation of zen buddhism or meditative buddhism.

    What is called meditation in the West, is in fact contemplation. And this word perfectly fits it. In the aforementioned dictionary, contemplation is described as great concentration, reflection, in mysticism - as passive perception of reality, as the highest cognition, which is based by intuition. The same concepts` description can be found in the “Religion explorations` dictionary” (“Religijotyros þodynas” - “Mintis”, Vilnius, Lithuania, 1991). The part “con-” in this word points out that this goes together with “temple” or “template”. In English, “temple” means sanctum and “template” commonly means shape, pattern or form. Thus, simple concentration of the mind is chaotic and contemplation is deep and direct concentration of the mind into a certain idea, form or being. Such experiences might be very pleasant. However, contemplation is always concentration, tension, while meditation is an opposite phenomenon: non-concentration, relaxation. Concentration methods are exhausting, and always require energy and efforts. Meditation is a relaxation in oneself, so it is not an exhausting method and can continue for twenty-four hours a day.

    In the Lithuanian language, the part “medi-” in such words as meditation, medicine, medium, and mediator and even in a Lithuanian word “medis” (tree) came from the Sanskrit language and means middle, a mean, mediator and etc. The tree is in-between the Earth and Sky. You will be surprised if I tell you that “the tree of life” in biblical expression and the word’s part “gyven” (life) are from the word “jyvan” in the Sanskrit language (read as “jeevan” - and means “life”). Tree seed melts in a tree and a man’s soul melts in meditation. Similarly as seed is a mean for the tree to be rooted in the ground, the soul is a mean to God to be rooted in the world. Just like a tree is a mean for its seed to return to nature, meditation is a means for soul to return to God as well.

    Osho - the spirit Master says that concentration started from instinct, and contemplation - from mind, but meditation came from intuition. Father Maria Eugene says in the book “Spirit’s whiff”: “When we refer to the history of Church, to the life of the Twelve, we realize that they were the people of contemplation and prayer.<…> God’s contemplation is the essential action of Church life.” Here the word “contemplation” is used properly. The perfect unity is never being reached in contemplation. There are always two in contemplation: the contemplating subject and the object of contemplation. There is neither a subject nor an object in meditation. If a dancer is in meditation then he became a mean of God or existence to express the dance. The dancer and the dance have disappeared. Only the dancing left. This difference is one of the most significant differences between meditation and contemplation.

    Here is another example. It is written in “Krishna - the supreme God’s figure” that “When got up, the Lord Krishna rinsed his mouth, washed his hands and legs and started to meditate into himself right away. However, this does not mean that we have to sit and meditate into ourselves. We have to think about Krishna, about Radha-Krishna. So is the true meaning of meditation.” Here is an obvious misunderstanding. However this is the way meditation is explained by Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Svami Prabhupada. Everybody can meditate into oneself; move inwards until he reaches the inner source, God. Contemplation, or in a way we may say meditation into another being, can be a step towards meditation, but it is not necessary. Meditation may happen without it.

   Lets look how enlightened people describe meditation. In the East, such person is sometimes called just buddha or moksha. Dhz. Krishnamurti says in “Eagle’s flight. Meditation”: “Heart becomes a desert without meditation. Meditation is not a concentration which is opting out rejection, confrontation and therefore - a conflict. Meditative mind can concentrate, but that will not be rejection or confrontation. Concentrated mind can not meditate.<…> Love can not be cultivated by thought. Love can appear only in entire silence where there is no meditator.<…> A thought denies love directly and it can not get into the space where there is no “I”. There is blissfulness in such space, which is sought by a man who can not find it. He seeks it in the realm of thought but the thought destroys such blissfulness.<…> Thought has to disappear in meditation entirely. It is the basis of meditation.” The same is to be said about emotions, desires, imagination, plans and etc. They always relate to tensions, thus they have to be transcedented. In addition, this buddha emphasizes that blissfulness enters the being forever only when an individual soul flows into the cosmic soul. Contemplation does not have it, but this is absolutely necessary in deep meditation.

    Osho book “Meditation - the First and the Last Freedom” gives the most exhaustive description as it is possible by word. It is said there, that when you are not doing anything at all - bodily, mentally, on no level - when all activity has ceased and you simple are, just being that’s what meditation is. You cannot do it, you cannot practice it: you have only to understand it. Thinking is also doing, concentration is also doing, contemplation is also doing. Even if for a single moment you are not doing anything and you are just at your center, utterly relaxed - that is meditation. And once you have got the knack of it you can remain in that state for twenty-four hours a day. Meditation is not against action. It is not that you have to escape from life. It simply teaches you a new way of life. Life goes on really more intensely - with more joy, with more clarity, more vision, more energy and creativity - yet you are aloof, just a watcher, the witness. Watching is meditation. A scientist is watching and a meditator is witnessing. What you are watching or witnessing is irrelevant. At the time when things you witness disappear and the witness starts to watch himself, when you enter your inner space, you have arrived home.

    Osho says that this inner space is not empty; it is existential. It is overflowing with a music that you have never heard before, with a light that can only be seen by the inner eyes. It is not something fictitious; it is a reality, and a reality which is already present in everyone - just you never look in. There is utterly silent in there. Lives come and go but the eternal silence of your being remains exactly the same. The same soundless music, the same fragrance of godliness, the same transcendence from all that is mortal. It is not your silence. You are it. You become a part of it. And this silence brings truth, and love, and thousands of other blessings to you.

    You are looking at the tree: you are there and the tree is there. Can you understand one more thing - you are seeing the tree and there is someone in you, the witness, which is seeing you seeing the tree? It is subtle. It is the process where it is possible to get confused, where many searches have lost.

   The watcher and the one who is being watched are two sides of witnessing. It seems for many people that the watcher is the very witnessing. Here is how Father’s Maria Eugene writes: “The most important witnessing is the witnessing of what we are”. Here the true essence of it has been lost. You never can witness of what you are. We witness what we are not. The watcher means subjectivity and the one being watched objectivity: the witness means that he is outside the one who is being watched. However, inside and outside are not separate. When this closeness or unity is experienced, the witnessing is born, that is the way the meditation begins.

    The first step towards meditation and consciousness is to learn witnessing your body. Slowly slowly one becomes alert about our gestures and each movement. The body relaxes and attune. Then, we start to be aware of our thoughts. They are subtler than the body. When body and mind are at peace, you will see that they attuned to each other, there is a bridge. The third step is to be aware of your emotions, feelings and moods. You have to take these three steps. The fourth one happens on its own accord. It is a meditation. Your body, mind, and feelings have joined and become an orchestra. It is a gift from the whole to you that you have done these first three steps. Meditation will grow and deepen until the enlightenment. One becomes aware of one’s awareness. You have become buddha. Afterwards, meditation is your natural state. That is the only thing that will never die.

    Osho reminds that objects may be in the external material world but they are in the internal world: in sensations, feelings, mind and heart. They can be so ecstatic that it is impossible to imagine that there is something more. Many mystics of the world have stuck in ecstasy. By losing the witnessing, they identified themselves with different visions, spirits or sensations and stopped, never reaching the final level. Enlightenment is not a sensation or experience. It is a state where the object and subject disappears. Only then your consciousness returns back to the source, back to God.

    You have been guests for many lives on the Earth. You have been loosing your way in sensations, remained with them. Courageous seeker has to leave all road sights: trees, blossoms, mountains and rivers, stars and gods and meditate until his subjectivity becomes an object, until a seeker meets the one who is searching, until the seeing one will see the one who sees. When all sensations are exhausted and you remain alone in your aloness, there is no higher ecstasy, blissfulness, happiness, and truth more than that. Osho says that when you have entered divine and God has flown into you, you returned home.

Meditation practice we will discuss in the next issue.

Essence of Meditation and its Practice(2) (The second part)

Essence of Meditation and its Practice(3) (The third part)







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